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This Food Chain Chart
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The Food Chain:

An ecosystem is a living community which depends on each member and its surrounding environment.

The living part of an ecosystem is sometimes called a food chain.

See Graphic Food Chain Chart / Do Food Chain Craft

GreenBean Says "High and low on the chain I go!"

Every participant in an ecosystem has an important part to play and if one becomes more dominant than the others, the ecosystem can develop problems. 

We'll start with the producers. These are living things which take the non living matter from the environment, such as minerals and gases and uses them to support life.

Green plants are considered producers and the are at the beginning of the food chain. 

Next are the consumers. These living things foodchainneed the producers to be their food. 

Animals who eat plants are called herbivores. They are considered consumers and are next in the food chain. 

Animals who eat other animals are called carnivores. They also considered consumers and are a link farther along on the food chain since they need the herbivores for their food. 

Animals and people who eat both animals and plants are called omnivores, and they are also part of the consumer piece of the ecosystem. 

Finally, the last part of the ecosystem is the decomposersThese are the living things which feed off dead plants and animals and reduce their remains to minerals and gases again. Examples are fungi, like mushrooms, and bacteria.

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Have Kids Create a Food Chain From Construction Paper:

Use paper to make a food chain and learn how Earth's creatures and plants are linked to each other and to the sun.

*If you are doing this in a classroom--You can make one big large sun or yellow ring and link all students chains to one.

  • Cut half-inch strips of colored construction paper, one color for each category: plants, insects, plant-eaters, and meat-eaters
    (do not use yellow).
    Draw or paste cutout pictures on the strips of plants, animals, birds, insects.
  • Link the strips together into food chains. some examples might be:
    grass>a rabbit> a fox; corn>a chicken> man; seeds>a quail>a bobcat; algae> a minnow> a bass> man; grass>
    a grasshopper> a mouse> an owl; leaves>caterpillar> a bird> a snake> a hawk.
  • Make a larger Sun from yellow construction paper.
  • Link everything.

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